Speechs in the year
Tarikh/Date	:	03/06/2003
Versi 		:	ENGLISH
Penyampai	:  	PM  

   "The Asian Dimension under the New World Order"
 -    Evolving Paradigms in Asia and Japan
      I   would   like   to   thank  the   Institute   for
   International Policy Studies for inviting me  to  speak
   at this 15th Anniversary Symposium of the institute.  I
   hope  I  can  do  justice to the  subject   "The  Asian
   Dimension  under  the  New  World  Order".    Asia   is
   obviously  set to play a bigger role in world  affairs.
   But  Asia  is  a very big continent and it  is  not  as
   evenly   developed  as  Europe.   Nor  are  the  people
   ethnically or culturally similar.  Only one country  in
   Asia  is developed and that is Japan.  South Korea  and
   China  are fast moving up but South East Asia  and  the
   Indian  sub-continent are behind China and Korea.   The
   other  countries of Asia, i.e. Central and  West  Asia,
   have not really made much progress.
   2.    Consequently  Asia cannot  present  itself  as  a
   single  entity  with  common  stands  on  international
   3.     Besides   at   the   moment   Asians   are   not
   psychologically  prepared  to  play   their   role   in
   international affairs.  They still tend to defer to the
   Europeans.  Perhaps this is a relic of the old European
   domination of Asia.
   4.    Here  I would like to explain that by European  I
   mean  people  of European extraction whether  they  now
   call  themselves Americans, Canadians,  Australians  or
   New  Zealanders.  They may be living outside of  Europe
   but  culturally  they are Europeans and  they  tend  to
   close   ranks  when  faced  with  challenges  by   non-
   5.   The tie is not just ethnic but also religious, for
   Europeans,  nominally at least are  Christians  and  as
   Christians their old enmity towards Islam in particular
   still  colour their thinking.  They were  at  one  time
   more  anti-Jew or anti-Semitic.  But horrified  by  the
   Holocaust  they  now bend over backwards  in  order  to
   atone for their crimes.  Such is their about turn  that
   they  are  willing to tolerate the crimes committed  by
   6.   If Asia is to play a role in shaping the New World
   Order, the first thing that it must do is to rid itself
   of  its  historical  baggage.   Perhaps  Asians  should
   remind  themselves that they were civilised long before
   the Europeans emerged from their caves.
   7.    In  history we find many instances when  backward
   people  managed to catch up and then outstrip the  more
   developed ones.  The Europeans achieved this.   But  by
   the  same token Asians can catch up with the Europeans,
   and take their rightful place on the world stage.
   8.   At the moment ideas, values and systems which have
   been  accepted  by  the world are of  European  origin.
   They  claim  that  their values are in  fact  universal
   values and that there is no such thing as Asian values.
   If  there are then they must be wrong or inferior.  And
   so today's universal values are basically European.
   9.   The nation state is a European concept, along with
   ideas  about human rights, freedom and democracy.   And
   now  we have to accept borderlessness and globalisation
   which  effectively denies the independence of  nations.
   And Asia does not protest.
   10.   Although it is seemingly a reversal  of  European
   thinking,  it  can  be just a ploy to  break  down  the
   barriers  to  their exploitation of the wealth  of  the
   entities  created  by  their  idea  of  nation  states,
   independence and freedom.  They themselves would remain
   very much nation states by other means.
   11.   Asians have never reversed a concept promoted  by
   the  Europeans.  They would feel guilty of not acceding
   to  universally accepted values and ideas as propounded
   by  European  propaganda.  And yet when  the  Europeans
   apparently  reversed their ideas Asians feel  bound  to
   accept them.
   12.  It would seem that Asians are not merely bereft of
   ideas  but they suffer from a mind block which prevents
   them   from  critically  examining  whatever   thoughts
   emanate  from  the Europeans and when necessary  reject
   them.   They  would  not be able to reject  the  nation
   state  in  favour of globalisation if it had  not  been
   initiated by the Europeans.
   13.   Some  of the ideas coming from the Europeans  are
   obviously    harmful.    Market   liberalisation    and
   deregulation are among them.
   14.   The world's economy was growing quite well before
   the  idea  of  liberalisation and  deregulations  in  a
   borderless  world  was  mooted.  Indeed  Japan's  rapid
   recovery  and  the growth of Korea and  Southeast  Asia
   owed  nothing  to trade liberalisation and  the  "rule-
   based" trading of the free market.  (Here I would  like
   to point out that a free market with rule-based trading
   are  contradictions in terms).  Of  course  there  were
   faults  in the old system of international trade.   But
   must the answer be total free trade and the removal  of
   national  boundaries.  Cannot there be  something  less
   15.  But Asians did not question the idea of free trade
   and  the  accompanying changes.  We not  only  accepted
   them  but many  ardently believe that they are good  in
   themselves.    Even  after their  prosperous  economies
   were  being  destroyed by this regime,  they  have  not
   altered their commitment.
   16.   But  most of the European countries  reject  free
   trade  when  it hurts them.   They did not hesitate  to
   bail  out their hedge funds, automobile industries  and
   airlines.  And their farming is strongly protected.  At
   the  slightest  threat they would impose countervailing
   duties and other non-tariff barriers.
   17.    Transparency  is  vigorously  advocated  in  all
   business dealings.  But hedge funds whose dealings  are
   far  bigger  than the value of total world trade,  need
   not  be  transparent.  And yet these  funds  can  cause
   great  harm  to the economy of countries and  of  whole
   18.   It is clear that the systems and regimes promoted
   by  the  Europeans are not binding upon  them.   It  is
   clear  also  that they have no hesitation  in  ignoring
   their own paradigms if it suits them.  Yet Asians still
   maintain their faith in those European initiated  ideas
   even if they suffer continuously from them.
   19.   If Asia wants to play a role in the determination
   of  a new world order it is necessary that it learns to
   be  more critical of ideas and concepts coming  out  of
   the  West.   If  it  cannot do this  then  it  is  most
   unlikely to play a meaningful role in the shaping of  a
   New World Order.
   20.   The  Japanese people have been accused  of  being
   copycats.  They used to produce inferior imitations  of
   European  products.  After the end of the  Pacific  War
   Japan  decided  to produce high quality products  while
   maintaining  low  prices.  Japan  succeeded  admirably.
   But it was still considered a copycat nation.
   21.   Change of course can be for the good or  for  the
   worse.  When Japan decided to modernise it also adopted
   the wrong European values.  Coming out of isolation you
   decided to acquire an empire through conquest.  You now
   sincerely regret that wrong decision.  But is  there  a
   need to go into reverse gear and reject a role in Asia?
   It  is  obvious  that if Japan wishes to  play  a  role
   together  with  other leading Asian countries,  Japan's
   contribution would be immense.
   22.   The  approach to be adopted by Asia need  not  be
   that of the Europeans.  We need not conquer or dominate
   in  order  to  have  our  values  and  ideas  accepted.
   Japan's   formula  for  success  has   prompted   other
   countries in Asia to adopt it of their own free will.
   23.   There have been many good ideas coming out of the
   West.   But  the  Europeans have time  and  again  been
   proven wrong.  That is why the Europeans have discarded
   them in favour of new ones.
   24.   Let  us examine their ideologies.  Their absolute
   monarchies which created many of their empires gave way
   to  republicanism  which was claimed  to  be  the  most
   perfect  system to govern human society.  They  shouted
   "Liberte,   Egalite  and  Fraternite"  even   as   they
   massacred   the  aristocrats.   Then  there   was   the
   ascendancy  of  the capitalists during  the  Industrial
   Revolution and the expansion of their empires.  But the
   excesses  of  capitalism  lead  to  socialism  and  the
   Communist ideology.  These ideologies were supposed  to
   create  heaven on earth, but after only 70  years  they
   changed  their  minds and discarded  these  egalitarian
   25.    Now   capitalism  is  back  with  a   vengeance.
   Liberalisation,  deregulation, free  trade,  borderless
   world,  transparency,  etc  are  all  the  products  of
   domineering capitalism.
   26.   Nothing  must stop capitalism.  Just  as  General
   Motors,  once  claimed that what was good  for  General
   Motors was good for the United States, now we are being
   told that what is good for Capitalism will be good  for
   the world.  No one should challenge Capitalism.
   27.   But  history has shown repeatedly that ideologies
   go  through  a  cycle; appearing, fighting  resistance,
   succeeding and becoming popular (usually at  huge  cost
   in  human lives) and then failing to deliver and to  be
   discredited.  Finally they are condemned and discarded.
   28.   There  is no reason why the present manifestation
   of  capitalism and even democracy should not go through
   the  same cycle.  The point that has to be made is that
   all  ideologies,  formulas or  systems  are  imperfect.
   They  will fail eventually.  They will fail because  of
   the  excesses of those who practice them.  And  we  are
   now seeing excesses and excessive zeal in the promotion
   of capitalism and democracy.
   29.   But should we wait for them to fail at tremendous
   cost to the world community or should we now critically
   examine  these  ideas  with  a  new  to  modifying   or
   replacing them.
   30.   It is in this process that Asians can contribute.
   Asians  have  their  own ways.  We should  not  try  to
   impose  our way as the Europeans like to do.  We should
   devise  our  own  systems and prove their  goodness  by
   applying them to ourselves first.  If we are successful
   then others will follow.  If we fail then we should  be
   prepared  to  modify or reject.  We must  never  be  so
   fanatical  about our own creations that  even  when  we
   fail  or  we get bad results we continue to  insist  on
   upholding  them.  Results are far more  important  than
   ideologies or systems.
   31.   We may feel lonely sometime as we flounder  about
   and  meet violent oppositions.  But there is no perfect
   system.   We  must never be trapped into accepting  all
   and  every  interpretation  of  the  initial  ideas  or
   systems.  On the other hand we must be willing to  lend
   our ears to adverse comments and criticisms in order to
   improve on the original idea.  It is not impossible for
   Asians  to accept and blend their ideas with  those  of
   the  Europeans  and  others.  The  result  would  still
   reflect Asian inputs, Asian contribution to a New World
   New Order.
   32.   The  world  order of today, as conceived  by  the
   European  is largely for the Europeans.  The new  world
   order  devised  by all the peoples of  the  world  must
   benefit everyone in the world.
   33.   In  this New World Order created by everyone  for
   everyone  the  uneven distribution of wealth  would  be
   less likely.
   34.   In a modern country it is accepted that the  rich
   must pay taxes in order to be redistributed also to the
   poor.   Globalisation has effectively  made  the  whole
   world  into  one single country.  Is it not right  that
   the rich countries should contribute to the development
   of the poor countries?
   35.  The rich had undertaken to contribute 0.7 of their
   GDP  to  aid the poor.  Nearly all of them have reneged
   on their promise.  And so the poor have remained poor.
   36.   They, the poor, should of course not believe that
   the  world owes them a living.  But on the other  hand,
   if  the  rich became rich by exploiting the poor either
   directly  or indirectly, it is fair that the rich  help
   raise the poor from their debilitating poverty.
   37.   The rich are right in not wanting the money  they
   contribute to be squandered by inefficient Governments.
   There  is  a  Chinese saying that when a man  begs  for
   food,  give  him a fishing rod.  He will then  be  free
   from hunger always.
   38.   So  give  a fishing rod to the poor countries  by
   building for them the necessary infrastructures so they
   may  export  their products and import their  needs  at
   reasonable  prices.  Ports, airports, railways,  roads,
   water  supply and electricity, will do this.   Even  as
   these  are being built, the jobs created would  benefit
   the  people.   And without doubt that benefit  will  be
   39.   I  will  admit  that this was my  proposal  at  a
   conference  in  Boao,  China.  There  was  a  deafening
   silence.   It  is  right  to advocate  the  removal  of
   borders so the wealth of a country can be exploited  by
   the  rich  but  to return some of that  wealth  to  the
   exploited country meets with utter silence.
   40.  I am not asking that Asians take up my suggestion.
   But  if  we want to give an Asian dimension  to  a  New
   World  Order,  then it should be away  from  maximising
   profits for the already rich but maximising benefits to
   the poor.  There may be other contributions that Asians
   can make to create a better world. I believe truly that
   Asians can contribute, positively to the creation of  a
   new  world order which redistributes the bounty of this
   earth  in  a much more equitable way.   That should  be
   the Asian Dimension under the New World Order.

   Sumber : Pejabat Perdana Menteri