Speechs in the year
Tarikh/Date	:	04/08/2003
Versi 		:	ENGLISH
Penyampai       :       PM   

        On  May 13, 1993, ten years and three months  ago,
   in a speech to the Asia Society Conference on "Asia and
   the  Changing World Order" held in Tokyo,  I  said  the
      "I  believe that it is now time for all of us  to
      launch  a  process - on top of and over  all  the
      other  important processes which are  already  in
      place  - a process whose final destination  is  a
      zone   of   co-operative  peace  and   prosperity
      stretching from Jakarta to Tokyo.
      We  have a legitimate right to want our region to
      be  a  zone  of sustained co-operative peace  and
      prosperity,  living  in productive  harmony.   If
      this  will  take a hundred years, the  sooner  we
      start  the  better.  And it is best to  start  in
      the most propitious of circumstances.
      We   must   begin   with  small,  pragmatic   and
      productive   steps.   And  we  must  expect   our
      friends   in   other  parts  of  the   world   to
      understand our aspirations, even as they give  us
      the  advice  that we need and the  help  that  we
   2.    As  it  turned out, some could not or  would  not
   understand our aspirations.  They did give us  a  great
   deal  of self-serving advice.  They helped some  of  us
   understand that we had no right to dream what  was  not
   their dream.  They helped us understand that we had  no
   right  to  work  for  an  Asian  community,  living  in
   friendship and cooperation.
   3.    You  might remember that three years earlier,  in
   December 1990, immediately after the breakdown  of  the
   Brussels negotiations in the Uruguay Round, during  the
   state visit of Chinese Premier Li Peng to Kuala Lumpur,
   I  had  had  the  temerity  to  suggest  an  even  more
   atrocious  idea: the formation of the EAEG,  the  "East
   Asian Economic Group".
   4.    From the perspective of today, these words I have
   cited and the proposals I put forward a dozen years ago
   appear  un-exceptional.  Hardly reason  for  anyone  to
   raise  a  sweat.   Certainly no reason for  high  blood
   pressure or palpitations of the heart.
   5.    But  ten  years ago was a different  time  and  a
   different  place.  Those who speak of East Asians  just
   coming  together to talk among themselves were regarded
   as revolutionaries intent on excluding those who had to
   be  in  our meeting room, at our dining table and under
   our bed.  Those who believed in an East Asian community
   were heretics fit for burning at the stake.
   6.    Today,  those  who speak of such  an  East  Asian
   community  of nations are no longer regarded as  insane
   or  foolish, or the most delirious or dangerous of men.
   The  idea  of  East  Asian  cooperation  and  community
   building  is now regarded as un-extraordinary, logical,
   and even natural.  Blatant heresy has now almost become
   boring  conventional wisdom.  The idea  and  the  ideal
   have already walked a hundred li (miles).
   7.   Those who had the temerity, a decade or so ago, to
   suggest  that  the journey should begin can  look  back
   with some modest satisfaction.  But I believe there  is
   little time for the luxury of resting on laurels.
   8.    Today, at this, the First East Asia Congress, you
   will  be  discussing in detail the case for and against
   an  Asian  Monetary  Fund, whatever  you  may  wish  to
   finally  call  it  in order to avoid touching  any  raw
   nerves.   In  other  parts of the  world,  conventional
   economic  theory  says  that trade  cooperation  should
   precede   monetary   cooperation.    But   conventional
   economic   theory   has  been  written   basically   by
   economists from countries and regions that are  capital
   poor or impoverished.  We in East Asia hold the world's
   reserves  -  by  the trillions - which we  put  in  the
   United  States  and  Europe,  thus  buttressing   their
   currencies and economies.  A small proportion makes the
   round-trip  back  to East Asia in the form  of  foreign
   direct investment, foreign equity investment and loans.
   9.    I  am not suggesting that we turn economic theory
   on its head.  But perhaps, as ever, East Asians have to
   think  for themselves.  East Asians will have  to  find
   the   creativity  to  come  up  with  the  best,   most
   appropriate  solutions.  Perhaps we  can  and  we  must
   advance on many fronts at the same time.  Certainly  we
   must have the courage to do what needs to be done.
   10.  You will, during this First East Asia Congress, be
   discussing China's critical role in the building of our
   East  Asian community.  This clearly is one of the core
   challenges  in the decades to come, as China  continues
   to be the powerhouse of regional and global growth.
   11.   You  will be discussing in detail trading regimes
   and  the  fascinating ideas of my good  friend  Thaksin
   Shinawatra.  You will be discussing health cooperation,
   something that was not on any significant radar  screen
   even four months ago.
   12.   You  will  be  discussing in  detail  educational
   collaboration,  a  crucial  area  for  our  development
   because  there is nothing more important for our  long-
   term  future than the development of our most important
   resource, our people.
   13.   You  will  be  discussing in detail  the  massive
   tourism  flows which have already begun and which  will
   continue  apace  after  the  SARs  roadblock.   Tourism
   cooperation  promises  much not only  economically  but
   also  in  terms  of the development of people-to-people
   relations and regional community building.
   14.  You will be discussing in detail labour migration,
   the  media's  contribution  to  community-building  and
   specific  institutions such as the  ASEAN  Plus  Three.
   Let me try to contribute to the discussions by tackling
   some  of  the  more  basic questions,  the  fundamental
   "who",  "why",  "what",  "how"  and  "when"  questions.
   First,  who  should build our East Asian  Community  of
   Cooperative Peace and Prosperity?  Second,  why  should
   we build this East Asian Community?  Third, what should
   be  the East Asian Community that we must try to  build
   in  the years and decades ahead?  Fourth, how should we
   undertake  this  enormously important  but  complicated
   task?  Fifth, when should we begin in earnest?
   15.   Let me take the first question first.  Who should
   be   the   entrepreneurs,  architects,  engineers   and
   builders  of our East Asian community? I very  strongly
   believe it is we, the nations of East Asia, who  should
   build our East Asian Community of Cooperative Peace and
   Prosperity.  We are not cows to be led by the nose.  We
   are  not  children to be led by the hand.   This  is  a
   journey  we must make with our own two feet.   We  must
   walk  together.   We  must  act  together  and  advance
   16.   All  this does not mean that we should turn  away
   from  anything or anyone.  We must not forget those  to
   whom we owe our full measure of gratitude.  Old friends
   are to be venerated.  All those who are not against  us
   are with us.  They are or will be our friends.  And  it
   is  now gratifying to find so many who wish us and  our
   journey  well.  In our long and difficult  journey,  we
   will  need to learn from the experience of others.   We
   have many friends in Europe.  The experience of Western
   Europe certainly provides a rich reservoir of lessons.
   17.   We  should  certainly  not  turn  away  from  the
   experience  of  ASEAN,  which I believe  is  even  more
   directly relevant.  This is so not because of the  fact
   that  ASEAN  is  East Asian.  It is so because  ASEAN's
   experience  provides  a  closer  fit  with  regard   to
   regional   community-building  at  a  lower  level   of
   integration; at an earlier stage of development.  We in
   East  Asia will for the foreseeable future be  in  this
   phase   of   lower-level  integration,  political   and
   18.  Let me repeat: We will need the advice and help of
   all  our friends and everyone who wishes us well.   Let
   me  emphasise:  Those who are not our enemies  are  our
   friends.  It goes without saying that we must not  turn
   away  from the wisdom of the West, of the North and  of
   the  South.  Yet we must not forget the wisdom  of  the
   East.   We  must  not forget our special circumstances,
   our  unique history, our particular priorities, and our
   distinctive needs.  One shoe does not fit all.  This is
   especially  true when we literally know that  our  feet
   are  definitely much smaller than those of our  friends
   in South Asia, Europe and the Americas.
   19.   Over  the last quarter century, the  pioneers  of
   East   Asian  community-building,  the  most  important
   builders  even today, have not been the governments  of
   East Asia, the media of East Asia, or the intellectuals
   of  East Asia -- but the corporations of East Asia.  In
   the years ahead, day and night, seven days a week, they
   will continue to weave the web of economic community in
   our  region,  which  will  remain  the  most  important
   foundations for regional community-building.  But it is
   time  for  others  to  fully  join  the  process.    It
   certainly is time for the governments of East  Asia  to
   get   in   the  comprehensive  business  of   community
   20.   Which governments, you might ask.  I am not  sure
   if  some  of you will like my answer, because  so  many
   have  become too steeped in the glorification of  power
   politics,      so-called     realpolitik,     so-called
   "leadership", which is not true leadership at  all  and
   so-called "realism" which is not at all realistic -  or
   for  that matter, productive.  I do not believe in  the
   wonders of imperial dominance or "benign" hegemony.  In
   the  case  of  East Asia today and in the future,  this
   will   be  clearly  catastrophic.   It  is  fortunately
   21.   Pax  Nipponica, Pax Americana, Pax Sinica  -  all
   three  are  not desirable.  Fortunately, all three  are
   not  possible. The governmental leadership that an East
   Asian community will need in the years ahead must  come
   from  various  sources, on various issues,  at  various
   times.  This is not only desirable, but fortunately, it
   is also inevitable.
   22.   Let me now turn to the second basic question: why
   should   we   build  this  East  Asian   Community   of
   Cooperative  Peace and Prosperity?  The answer  is,  to
   me,  somewhat obvious.  Although the East Asia of today
   is completely different from the East Asia of the past,
   although   in   so  many  directions   we   have   made
   breathtaking progress, we still have a very long way to
   go.  There is no doubt that we have come a long way  in
   building peace, friendship and stability in East  Asia.
   But we have done the easier part and we are almost half
   way there.
   23.  We have come a long way in building prosperity and
   development in East Asia.  But that is the easier  part
   - and many have only just begun.  I hope I do not sound
   like  an  impatient man who is unprepared to count  our
   blessings.  I also hope I do not sound like  the  jaded
   leader who can look in the sewer and see all the  dirt,
   who  at  the same time is unable to look up in the  sky
   and see all the stars.
   24.   Over the last three decades especially,  we  have
   seen  a  massive  outbreak of peace in  our  region,  a
   massive peace transformation in East Asia.  For most of
   the  last 20 years, we have been more at peace than  at
   any time in the last two centuries.  So why bother with
   peace  when it is already there?  The answers are quite
   simple.  Peace is best made when there is peace.  It is
   too  late to make or strengthen our peace once  it  has
   broken  down.  Like the judicious farmer, we must  make
   hay  when the sun is shining, not when the storm clouds
   gather; certainly not when it is pouring.  And  let  us
   not  forget  that 10 years ago, the peace momentum  was
   faster  and  more assured.  There were fewer  and  less
   dangerous  threats.   The  Korean  Peninsula  was  more
   stable.    We   now  have  little  time  to   lose   in
   resuscitating the peace momentum, to ensure that it  is
   speeded up and made more assured.
   25.    On   the  economic  front,  we  have   performed
   remarkably.  So remarkably in fact that so many experts
   from other parts of the world with less humble and more
   colourful  vocabulary have called us miracle economies,
   tigers  and dragons.  But over the last few  years,  we
   have all learnt that our feet are made of clay; we have
   indeed  performed  incredible  economic  deeds  but  we
   remain full of weaknesses and continue to face enormous
   26.   Some  of us seem to have hit a brick wall.   Some
   have  even  lost hope.  I believe it is  time  to  once
   again work for the return of recent history, to go back
   to the beginning of necessity, to re-examine critically
   the  so-called reforms we have plunged into.   We  need
   not  be  ashamed  of our ways, for our  successes  have
   actually been due to doing things our way.
   27.   I  have  concentrated on the internal agenda  for
   East Asia.  There is a third fundamental reason why  we
   must   proceed  to  the  building  of  an  East   Asian
   community.   We  in  East Asia are the  most  dependent
   region  in  the  world  on  world  trade  and  economic
   development.   Yet  we are without  voice  and  without
   clout.   The  decisions  that  directly  determine  our
   present and dictate our future are made elsewhere.   It
   is  time  for us to empower ourselves, for the good  of
   our  people  and  for the sake of our  future  and  the
   future of the world.
   28.   I  will shortly have a little more to say on  the
   need  for  empowerment.  But let me  now  turn  to  the
   fundamental  "what" question.  What is the  East  Asian
   community that we must try to build in the years ahead?
   I  think  I  have  already revealed my  hand.   In  one
   sentence:  I  believe that in the years ahead  we  must
   concentrate  on  building an East  Asian  Community  of
   Common   and   Cooperative  Peace  and  Prosperity,   a
   community  that  is  empowered within  our  region  and
   empowered in the wider world.
   29.   Why  "Common and Cooperative"?  "Common"  because
   our  East  Asian  Peace and Prosperity  are  now  truly
   indivisible.  We are now so inter-related, so enmeshed,
   so  much  in  the same boat that a critical  threat  to
   peace  anywhere  in East Asia is a critical  threat  to
   peace  everywhere in East Asia.  A hole in the rear  of
   the  East  Asian  boat is as much  a  danger  to  those
   standing  in  front as it is to those  sitting  at  the
   30.   A critical threat to prosperity anywhere in  East
   Asia is also a critical threat to prosperity everywhere
   in  East Asia. The 1998 economic crisis made this clear
   beyond  any  doubt.  SARS made this  clear  beyond  any
   doubt.  The events of the last few years leave room for
   no other interpretation.
   31.    Why  "cooperative", you might ask.  This  is  so
   because  our  peace  and our prosperity  will  be  less
   fragile and more durable if all sides work together and
   are committed to our common peace and prosperity and if
   friends  and neighbours are around and engaged  in  the
   process  of  making sure that everyone gets  along  and
   prospers together.
   32.   Peace  and  prosperity are of  course  critically
   inter-related.   They  are the two  indispensable  legs
   without which we cannot continue on our journey to  the
   future  that we must have.  In that future must  be  an
   East   Asian  economic  community  and  an  East  Asian
   political  community built by East Asians according  to
   our  specifications, our circumstances, our aspirations
   and our needs.
   33.   Let  me  also  stress that both  the  East  Asian
   economic   community  and  the  East  Asian   political
   community that is advocated should be outward  looking.
   There  must  be  no retreat behind a great  East  Asian
   economic barricade.  There must be no circling  of  the
   wagons.  No hiding behind Great Walls.  The whole world
   must  be  our marketplace.  The whole world  should  be
   welcome to our East Asian market.
   34.   Let  me also stress that the East Asian political
   community that should be advocated is not one  that  is
   inward  looking, defensive, frightened.  It  must  open
   itself  to the world even as we venture forth to  every
   nook  and corner of our globe.  This planet belongs  to
   all  of  mankind.  The world is as much ours as  it  is
   anyone else's.
   35.   This  East  Asian Community I speak  of  must  be
   empowered within our own region.  Very importantly,  we
   must also be empowered to play our rightful role in the
   world.    Today,   we   are  the  most   dependent   on
   international trade.  Our very lives, our entire future
   hinges  on decisions made in Geneva and Washington  and
   New  York.  Yet our voice is seldom heard and even more
   seldom heeded.  We carry little weight.  We have little
   36.   We owe it to our people to amplify our voice,  to
   aggregate  our weight, to boost our clout.  Singly,  we
   are weak. Together we will be stronger.  In unity there
   will  be  strength.  Let me also stress that we  should
   aspire  to be a model for true North-South cooperation,
   infused  by caring and consideration.  We must seek  to
   contribute to a sense of security and well being on the
   part  of  all the countries of East Asia, not only  the
   strong but also the weak, not only the wealthy but also
   the poor.
   37.   Whatever  the schemes for cooperation  we  embark
   upon,  they must be founded on the principles of mutual
   benefit, mutual respect, egalitarianism, consensus  and
   democracy.  Each is important in its own right.  Let me
   repeat:     Mutual     benefit.     Mutual     respect.
   Egalitarianism.  Consensus.  Democracy. No self-centred
   selfishness  that is interested only in  squeezing  our
   neighbours dry.  Prosper-thy-neighbour, not beggar-thy-
   neighbour.   No  self-centred,  self-righteous  egotism
   that  justifies  sermonising, hectoring,  bullying  and
   coercion.   No  hegemony. No imperialism. No  commands.
   No  decrees.  No edicts.  No diktats. No bulldozing. No
   unequal    treaties.    No   forced   agreement.     No
   intimidation.  No empty Cartesian contracts  not  worth
   the   paper  on  which  they  are  printed.    Instead,
   advancement  on  the basis of true consensus  and  real
   agreement.      Democratic     decision-making.      No
   unilateralism.   The governance of East Asia,  by  East
   Asia, for East Asia.
   38.   Let me now turn to my fourth question: how should
   we  undertake this enormously important but complicated
   task  of  building our East Asian Community?  It  seems
   clear  enough  that we should work on the  atmospherics
   and  the  relaxation of tensions and  the  climate  for
   healthy cooperation.  Many will regard this as soft and
   woolly.   They  are  not.  They  are  critical  to  our
   progress as a region.
   39.   At the same time, we do need to be focused  on  a
   few of the most promising joint ventures, concentrating
   on  the  easy and the do-able, the most productive  and
   promising  with  the biggest spill-over  or  multiplier
   effects.   What  exactly these will be will  come  from
   East Asian creativity and genius, aided and abetted  by
   our many friends in the four corners of the world.
   40.    In  the  process  of  building  our  East  Asian
   Community,  we  should  engage the  widest  measure  of
   participation  at  all levels - governmental  and  non-
   governmental.   The East Asia Economic Centre  at  ISIS
   Malaysia  and  this First East Asia  Congress  are  but
   steps in the entire process of community building.   We
   must encourage a hundred ideas to contend and a hundred
   flowers to bloom.
   41.   We  should always be wary and worried  about  the
   ideal being the enemy of the good.  We should always be
   concerned about perfectionist's paralysis.  We must  be
   prepared not only to plan.  More importantly,  we  must
   be  prepared to act.  We must be doggedly committed  to
   persist in the face of obstacles, natural and man-made.
   At  the  very same time, we must be practical.  And  we
   must be patient.  Whilst the future will decide so many
   of  the  questions  which we wish to ponder  today,  it
   seems  clear  enough  that if  the  European  community
   process had begun with the Treaty of Rome signed by  25
   or  more  European states, the European Union of  today
   and tomorrow would have been killed at birth.  It would
   have landed in the dustbin of history forty years ago.
   42.   I  am  not  well known for the  slow  and  steady
   approach.  But it is clear enough that in building  our
   East  Asian Community in the years ahead, we will  need
   at least four "P"s: principles, persistence, pragmatism
   and  patience.   We  will  need the  right  principles,
   pursued with dogged persistence, propelled by practical
   pragmatism, accompanied by unyielding patience.  Let me
   now  conclude with a few words on the "when"  question.
   When should we begin in earnest?  The clear answer  is:
   day  before  yesterday.  We should not under-rate  what
   has  already  been  accomplished in a relatively  short
   time.   But  it  would seem that in many ways  we  have
   already lost too much time.
   43.  We must make hay when the sun is shining, not when
   it has started to rain, certainly long before the storm
   has arrived.  Politically, I believe that in many ways,
   it  has already started to drizzle.  Fortunately for us
   in  East Asia, we have been blessed by the fact that we
   can  now see some ominous gathering clouds; fortunately
   the  storms  have  not yet come.  If we  act  now,  and
   properly  they  never will.  Quite obviously,  we  must
   make  peace long before we need to make peace.  We have
   lost  a  great  deal of time.  We should act  now  with
   speed if not haste, with determination if not alarm.
   44.  Even clearer is the message on the economic front.
   Imagine how the world would have been different if East
   Asia had started in earnest on the East Asian community-
   building process a dozen years ago.  Let me end, ladies
   and  gentlemen, with one last message: There is  little
   to  be  achieved by crying over spilt milk.   There  is
   much  to  be  achieved  by acting  with  resolve,  with
   statesmanship, with vision, over a broad  front,  today
   and in the immediate days to come.
   45.   I  do  not know how long the window of  strategic
   opportunity to our future will remain open.  But  I  do
   know  that  we will be failing our people, we  will  be
   betraying our future if we do not now grasp the moment.

   Sumber : Pejabat Perdana Menteri