Speechs in the year
Tarikh/Date	:	22/10/2003
Tajuk/Title 	:	THE  21ST CONFERENCE OF THE  
Versi 		:	ENGLISH
Penyampai	:  	PM      

    Mr.  Insinyur  Pandri  Prabono Chairman  of  the  ASEAN
   Of Engineering Organisations(AFEO);
   Mr.   Insinyur  Rauf  Purnama  Chairman  of  the   21st
   Conference  of  the  ASEAN  Federation  of  Engineering
   Organisations (CAFEO);
   Distinguished Guests;
   Ladies and Gentlemen,
   It  is  truly  a great honour and pleasure  for  me  to
   receive    the    ASEAN   Federation   of   Engineering
   Organisations (AFEO) Distinguished Fellow Award I would
   like to
   express  my  sincere  gratitude  to  A.F.E.O.  and  its
   country members
   2.   When the Association of Southeast Asian Nations or
   ASEAN was first established on 8 August 1967 with  five
   members, the share of intra-ASEAN trade
   from  the total trade of the Member Countries was  only
   between 12 and 15 percent
   However, today we are ten members with a population  of
   about  500 million, a total area of 4.5 million  square
   kilometres, a combined gross domestic product
   of  737 billion U.S. Dollars, and a total trade of  720
   billion U.S. Dollars
   Within  three  years  from the launching  of  A.F.T.A.,
   exports  among ASEAN countries grew from 43.26  billion
   U.S.  Dollars in 1993 to almost 80 billion U.S. Dollars
   in  1996, an average yearly growth rate of 28.3 percent
   In  the process, the share of intra-regional trade from
   ASEAN's  total trade rose from 20 percent to almost  25
   3.    This   Association  as  stated   in   the   ASEAN
   Declaration,Bangkok,  8  August  1967,  represents  the
   collective  will  of  the nations  to  bind  themselves
   together  in  friendship and co-operation and,  through
   joint  efforts and sacrifices, secure for their  people
   and  for posterity the blessings of peace, freedom, and
   4.  In 1997, the ASEAN leaders adopted the ASEAN Vision
   2020,  which  called for ASEAN Partnership  in  Dynamic
   Development   aimed   at   forging   closer    economic
   integration  within  the region. The  vision  statement
   also resolved to create a stable, prosperous and highly
   competitive ASEAN Economic Region, in which
   there  is  a free flow of goods, services, investments,
   capital, and equitable economic development and reduced
   poverty and socio-economic disparities. The Hanoi  Plan
   of  Action, adopted in 1998, serves as the first  in  a
   series of plans of action leading up to the realisation
   of the ASEAN vision.
   5.  In addition to trade and investment liberalisation,
   regional economic integration is being pursued  through
   the  development of Trans-ASEAN transportation  network
   consisting  of major inter-state highways  and  railway
   networks,  principal ports and sea lanes  for  maritime
   traffic, inland waterway
   transport,  and major civil aviation links.   ASEAN  is
   promoting the interoperability and interconnectivity of
   the national tele-communications
   equipment and services.  Building of Trans-ASEAN energy
   networks, which consist of the ASEAN Power Grid and the
   Trans-ASEAN  Gas  Pipeline  Projects,  are  also  being
   Ladies and Gentlemen,
   6.    These   projects  require  highly   sophisticated
   engineering  inputs. I am glad to note that  there  are
   some  500,000 engineers of various disciplines in ASEAN
   countries. These are the very engineers that would help
   build ASEAN.
   7.  Many of the ASEAN member countries are also members
   of  the World Trade Organisation. Unfortunately, unlike
   ASEAN  where member countries are guided by fundamental
   principles of mutual respect and consensus,  W.T.O.  is
   strongly  influenced  by  the  rich  nations.  In  this
   grouping, some countries are unable to speak their mind
   for fear of being victimised by the super powers.
   8.   Champions of free trade portray trade as the great
   leveller, allowing
   rich  and  poor  countries  alike  to  determine  their
   fortunes  and future. The W.T.O. agreements  supposedly
   are  about lowering the barriers to trade and  ensuring
   that the W.T.O.'s member-states do not discriminate  in
   their   trade  dealings.  Unfortunately,  rather   than
   building a broad agricultural and industrial base which
   can  substitute  for  imports,  "free  trade"  doctrine
   requires  countries  to  focus  on  their  "comparative
   advantage"  i.e.  free competition  between  goods  and
   services between the providers without regard for their
   sizes  and  strength. The result must be the ascendancy
   and increasing wealth of the giants of the rich and the
   practical  elimination  of the business  of  the  poor.
   There  will  be  no hope for the poor to  industrialise
   except  to  provide cheap labour to the foreign  giants
   and   enhance   their  investment  and  competitiveness
   further. In the meantime
   the  rich will continue to subsidise their farm produce
   one way or another so as to compete with the produce of
   the  poor countries not only in the rich countries  but
   in the world market.
   9.   Like  the World Bank and the I.M.F. the W.T.O.  is
   now  being  made into yet another instrument to  enrich
   the  rich  and impoverish the poor. Cancun is described
   by  the rich as a failure because the agenda set by the
   rich was not
   agreed  to. To the poor it was not a failure.   It  was
   the first time that the
   poor  countries had stood up for their rights.  We  can
   celebrate. But the pressure
   will  now be applied selectively on us to force  us  to
   break   rank.   The  stick  and  the  carrot  will   be
   extensively  used.  If we succumb then the future  will
   be very
   bleak  for  us.  We will be the worker bees  for  their
   queens,  providing  cheap labour,  owning  nothing  and
   learning  nothing.  We will earn better pay and  better
   standards  of  living perhaps but  we  will  always  be
   working for others chiefly
   our ex-colonial masters. We cannot be truly independent
   economically  or  politically.  Our  recent  experience
   during the Asian financial crisis is
   still fresh in our minds.
   10.   After  Sept. 11th the world has  learnt  to  fear
   terrorism, the indiscriminate
   attacks  and  killing of innocent  people  in  bids  to
   achieve  some  goals or merely to  seek  revenge.   The
   terror  attacks  are not just by irregulars  acting  on
   their  own.   States too have their own  programmes  of
   terror.  Indeed we see states launching vicious massive
   retaliation, not just to kill suspected terrorists  but
   his  family,  his home, his village and his  towns.  It
   would  be ridiculous to think that such attacks do  not
   terrorise  the  innocents. In fact the terror  is  even
   greater,  for it is systematic and executed with  heavy
   weapons in the hands of trained soldiers. It would seem
   that the great exponents and practitioners of
   democracy  believe that the way to spread the  doctrine
   and  to  break  down resistance is by  terrorising  the
   11.   But  terrorism  can  take  many  forms.  Economic
   terrorism instils as much fear and damage to  life  and
   property as bombs and guns.  Thriving economies can  be
   destroyed,  impoverishing whole countries and  regions,
   throwing   workers  out  of  jobs  by   the   millions,
   disrupting the peace and tranquillity of human society
   with  riots,  killings and crimes. Simply  because  the
   speculative and manipulating
   rogues  and their own media do not describe their  acts
   as terrorism does not mean
   that  they are not acts of terrorism, acts which  cause
   fear  and  terror  among  their victims.  The  economic
   terrorists  are as bad as other terrorists. They  cause
   damage and death if not directly, certainly indirectly.
   And their after
   effects are much more prolonged.
   12.   Nations  are bankrupted and forced to  submit  to
   foreign  directions.   Businesses  are  bankrupted   or
   forced to sell out, usually to marauding foreign
   companies.  Banks and industries collapse.
   13.   If Government tries to help, it is called a  bail
   out.  Governments are accused of cronyism.   All  these
   accusations are thrown by the very people who
   in  their  own countries practise bailouts and cronyism
   whenever they are faced by
   even  minor failures on the part of their own companies
   and funds, including
   the  hedge funds which destroyed the economies  of  the
   developing countries.
   In  fact  the  Government personnel bail out  the  very
   companies in which they have
   personal investments.
   14.  Truly they practise double standards. It is a case
   of  telling  others to do as they are told and  not  as
   they do.  And this applies to technical standards as
   well.   We must comply with their standards or else  we
   may not enter their markets.
   15.   Still we should comply to standards even if  they
   are not set by us.
   As   engineers   you  understand  the   importance   of
   establishing high standards and
   upgrading them all the time.
   16.   ASEAN  engineers have proven  their  professional
   capabilities and
   have  been able to produce goods and products  of  very
   high standards
   which comply with world standards. Civil works by ASEAN
   are  exportable  items  as  are  their  fabricated  and
   engineering products.
   ASEAN must be a centre of excellence in the engineering
   field. ASEAN engineers
   must not wait for others to innovate and establish  new
   methods  and  systems for them to copy.  They  must  do
   research  and  development on their own  and  establish
   their  own  methods  and systems  which  should  become
   standard for the rest of the
   17.   For  this purpose I believe there is  a  move  to
   establish a register of expertise, skills and knowledge
   among ASEAN Professional Service providers.
   This  can facilitate the match making of skills  within
   the  region  and  those from outside the  region.   The
   ASEAN  Engineers Register is already in place with  the
   secretariat  hosted  by  the Institution  of  Engineers
   Malaysia.   The ASEAN Engineers Register can  form  the
   basis  of enhanced cooperation between ASEAN Engineers.
   Mutual  recognition of qualifications would enable  our
   engineers to practise within all the ASEAN countries.
   18.   The  register  can also provide  sufficient  data
   regarding the qualification of individual engineers for
   the benefit of prospective employers; encourage a
   continuous updating on the quality of engineers through
   setting, monitoring and
   reviewing  standards, promote cultural and professional
   links  among  members  of  the  engineering  profession
   within  ASEAN and enhance wealth creation in the member
   19.   Malaysia is prepared to act as the  hub  to  help
   pool the available
   resources in the region and develop a directory of  the
   experts and their
   skills.   The hub can facilitate the exchange of  ideas
   and pool resources for
   joint  work  as  well  as facilitate  the  movement  of
   professionals within and outside the region.
   Ladies and Gentlemen,
   20.   It  is important that professionals take note  of
   the latest developments and
   prepare  for  them.  With increased liberalisation  and
   free  trade  you may find that you are dictated  to  by
   others  from outside the region and that the  available
   jobs  at your doorsteps are being undertaken by  others
   and you are left to pick
   the crumbs.
   21.   It  is not that ASEAN Engineers are less  capable
   and unable to undertake the
   job.   It is just that the collective strength  is  not
   marshalled for the collective good of the profession in
   the region.
   22.  Obstacles need to be overcome and this includes  a
   change in mindset.
   Instead of competing with each other in the region  you
   should pool your
   resources  and  expertise and undertake jobs  that  are
   being undertaken by
   your counterparts from the U.S. and Europe. Pooling  of
   resources will
   also enable you to get bigger jobs and projects both at
   home, within
   the region and outside the region.
   23.   The impediments should not be viewed as obstacles
   and hindrances.
   They  should be seen as challenges and you should  seek
   ways to deal with
   them and to move ahead.
   24.   There is need for win-win solutions for countries
   in the region and
   especially for the benefit of the less developed  among
   ASEAN members.
   It  is important that the region's capacity is enhanced
   and the standards
   improved   for  mutual  benefit.  The  more   developed
   members,  through suitable out-reach programmes  should
   offer transfer of expertise and technology to the  less
   developed   members  in  an  effort  to  prosper   your
   25.   Attachments for the younger engineers  should  be
   encouraged  and formalised within the region.  While  I
   understand this is already being done, it should be
   done  in  a more concerted manner. This will facilitate
   the  matching  of  skills that are available  and  help
   identify  skills that are needed in the region  instead
   of  having  to look for them from outside  the  region.
   Similarly, training
   of  postgraduate  engineers has to  be  harmonised  and
   aligned  to  ensure that benchmarked  requirements  are
   met. The ASEAN Engineers so trained will then be primed
   to  mature, over time, into captains of industries  and
   leaders  of  important  asset owning  institutions  and
   enterprises that will generate
   wealth.    The  goodwill generated  will  lead  to  the
   greater integration of
   ASEAN nations. I am told that this initiative has  been
   started and is being
   implemented by the ASEAN Engineers Register. Through an
   M.O.U. between A.F.E.O.
   and   I.K.R.A.M.    (Institut  Kerja  Raya   Malaysia),
   I.K.R.A.M. is the training provider for and  on  behalf
   of ASEAN Engineers Register. It carries out training
   programmes.    In   fact   our   Malaysian    Technical
   Corporation Programme has been utilised for some of the
   training programmes.
   26.   Our  hopes and aspirations for peace and harmony,
   and  unity of purpose for the region now rest with  the
   youths of ASEAN.  We shall offer them the space,
   the opportunities and the guidance.
   Ladies and Gentlemen,
   27.   May I say once again how honoured I feel that you
   should  confer the A.F.E.O. Distinguished Fellow  Award
   on me.

   Thank you.

   Sumber : Pejabat Perdana Menteri